Remittance of current income :
Remittance of current income like rent, dividend, pension, interest, etc. of NRIs/PIO even those who do not maintain NRO Account is freely allowed, on the basis of appropriate certification by a Chartered Accountant certifying that the amount proposed to be remitted is eligible for remittance and that applicable taxes have been paid / provided for.
NRIs/PIO have the option to credit the current income to their Non-Resident (External) Rupee account, provided the authorized dealer bank is satisfied that the credit represents current income of the non-resident account holder and income tax thereon has been deducted / provided for.
Remittance of assets by a foreign national of non-Indian origin :
A foreign national of non-Indian origin who has retired from an employment in India or who has inherited assets from a person resident in India or who is a widow of an Indian citizen who was resident in India, may remit an amount not exceeding USD one million, per financial year (April-March), on production of documentary evidence in support of acquisition / inheritance of assets, an undertaking by the remitter and certificate by a Chartered Accountant in the formats prescribed by the Central Board of Direct Taxes vide their Circular No.10/2002 dated October 9, 2002.
These remittance facilities are not available to citizens of Nepal and Bhutan.
Remittance of assets by NRI/PIO :
A Non-Resident Indian (NRI) or a Person of Indian Origin (PIO) may remit an amount up to USD one million, per financial year, out of the balances held in his Non-Resident (Ordinary) Rupee (NRO) account / sale proceeds of assets (inclusive of assets acquired by way of inheritance or settlement), for all bonafide purposes, to the satisfaction of the authorized dealer bank, on production of an undertaking by the remitter and certificate by a Chartered Accountant in the formats prescribed by the Central Board of Direct Taxes.
NRI/PIO may remit sale proceeds of immovable property purchased by him out of Rupee funds (or as a person in India) as indicated above without any lock-in-period.
In respect of remittance of sale proceeds of assets acquired by way of inheritance or legacy or settlement for which there is no lock-in period, NRI / PIO may submit documentary evidence in support of inheritance or legacy of assets, an undertaking by the remitter and certificate by a Chartered Accountant in the prescribed formats. Settlement is also a mode of inheritance from the parent, the only difference being that the property under the settlement passes to the beneficiary on the death of the owner/parent without any legal procedures/hassles and helps in avoiding delay and inconvenience in applying for probate, etc. Here, it is also clarified that in case settlement is done without retaining any life interest in the property, it would tantamount to regular transfer by way of gift. Therefore, if property is received by NRI/PIO by way of settlement without the settler retaining life interest, it maybe reckoned as transfer by way of gift and the remittance of sale proceeds of such property would be guided by the extant instructions on remittance of balance in the NRO account.
The remittance facility in respect of sale proceeds of immovable property is not available to citizens of Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, China, Afghanistan, Iran, Nepal and Bhutan.
The facility of remittance of sale proceeds of other financial assets is not available to citizens of Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan.
Repatriation of sale proceeds of residential property purchased by NRIs / PIO out of foreign exchange :
Repatriation of sale proceeds of residential property purchased by NRI / PIO is permitted to the extent of the amount paid for acquisition of immovable property in foreign exchange received through banking channels. The facility is restricted to not more than two such properties.
Authorised dealer banks ( Bank of Bahrain and Kuwait ) are permitted to handle repatriation of amounts representing the refund of application / earnest money / purchase consideration made by the house building agencies / seller on account of non-allotment of flat / plot / cancellation of bookings / deals for purchase of residential / commercial property, together with interest, if any (net of income tax payable thereon), provided the original payment was made out of NRE / FCNR (B) account of the account holder, or remittance from outside India through normal banking channels and the authorised dealer bank is satisfied about the genuineness of the transaction. Such funds may also be credited to the NRE / FCNR (B) account of the NRI / PIO, if they so desire.
Authorised dealer banks (Bank of Bahrain and Kuwait) may allow repatriation of sale proceeds of residential accommodation purchased by NRIs/PIO out of funds raised by them by way of loans from the authorized dealer banks / housing finance institutions to the extent of such loan/s repaid by them out of foreign inward remittances received through normal banking channel or by debit to their NRE / FCNR(B) account.
Repatriation of maturity proceeds of FCNR (B) deposits :
Bank of Bahrain and Kuwait is one of the authorised banks permitted to make remittance of the maturity proceeds of FCNR (B) deposits to the third parties outside India, provided the transaction is specifically authorised by the account holder and the authorised dealer is satisfied about the bonafides of the transaction.
ESOP to NRI Employees :
Authorised dealers are permitted to grant Rupee loans to NRIs employees of Indian companies for acquiring shares of the companies under the ESOP Scheme. The loan scheme shall be as per the policy approved by the bank’s Board and would further be subject to the conditions indicated in AP (DIR Series) Circular No. 7 dated August 22, 2007.
Facilities for students :
Students going abroad for studies are treated as Non- Resident Indians (NRIs) and are eligible for all the facilities available to NRIs under FEMA.
As Non-Residents, they will be eligible to receive remittances from India (i) up to USD 100,000 from close relatives in India on self declaration towards maintenance, which could include remittances towards their studies also and (ii) up to USD 1 million per financial year, out of sale proceeds of assets / balances in their account maintained with an AD bank in India.
All other facilities available to NRIs under FEMA are equally applicable to the students.
Educational and other loans availed of by them as residents in India will continue to be available as per FEMA regulations.